Deeksha Bhoomi Nagpur is Buddhist center in India located in the State of Maharashtra. This is the place where Mahamanv Babasaheb Dr.B.R. Ambedkar along with five million people embraced Buddhism on 14 October, 1956. The day 14 October is celebrated as ‘DHAMMA CHAKRA PRAVARTAN DIN’(Mass Conversion Ceremony Day).Millions of people throughout World visit this place on this celebration day. The biggest Stupa in Asia is erected in the memory of the conversion ceremony at this place.
Buddhism is more than 2500 years old world religion,it was nearly vanished from India due to various reasons except minor existence in North and North-East parts of India. The revival of Buddhism in India started by Sri Lankan Buddhist leader Anagarika Dharmapala in 1891. Babasaheb Dr.B.R.Ambedkar continued the revival process by deeply studying and converting mass downtrodden people from India in to Buddhism.
Why Babasaheb Dr. B. R. Ambedkar choose Nagpur for conversion ceremony!!address Nagpur and surrounding area has been a historical center of Buddhism in India, the fact is supported by archaeological findings in this region. The Naga people lived predominantly in this area, the Nag Nadi(river) flows through the center of Nagpur city believed to be named from the Naga people.The Naga people spread the teachings of Buddha all over India from this region.Considering historical importance,Babasaheb Dr B. R. Ambedkar thought that there is no place like Nagpur which is suitable to begin revival of Buddhism in India.
Babasaheb Dr. B. R. Ambedkar was accompanied by wife Savita Ambedkar during the conversion ceremony. The Buddhist monks who participated in various accomplishments when Mahamanv Babasaheb Dr. Ambedkar embraced Buddhism in Nagpur were Bhadant Chandramani Mahathero,Bhante Pragya Tiss,M Sangh Ratan Mahathera,Bhikshi Dhamm Rakshit,H Saddha Tiss,H Thamma Nand Mahathera and Bhikshu Galgedar Pragyanand.
Deeksha Bhoomi Stupa Physical Features
Deeksha Bhoomi is spread over almost 1,74,240 sqft area. The central place is called a Stupa, it is a spectacular 120 feet height, the dome too has 120 feet in diameter made of marble, granite and the pink Dholpur stone.The dome is hollow covering a large circular hall of over 4,000 sqft. A beautiful blue clad image of the Buddha statue is established at the centre of circular hall .The magnificent monument is built as a replica of main Sanchi Stupa which has height of 71 ft andwas built by a emperor Ashoka the great. The place ‘Sanchi’ is the stupa village which is situated at 45 km away from Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, a central state of India.